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Title: US5659625: Method and apparatus for analyzing facial configurations and components
[ Derwent Title ]

Country: US United States of America

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85 pages

Inventor: Marquardt, Stephen R.; Irvine, CA 92715

Assignee: None

Published / Filed: 1997-08-19 / 1994-05-23

Application Number: US1994000247614

IPC Code: Advanced: G06K 9/00;
IPC-7: G06F 15/00; G06K 9/00;

ECLA Code: G06K9/00F2L; G06K9/00F2;

U.S. Class: Current: 382/118; 345/634; 382/254;
Original: 382/118; 382/254; 395/135;

Field of Search: 382/002,19,21,25,41,118,195,197,203,276,254 364/413.13,413.19,413.22,413.28 395/120,121,124,135

Priority Number:
1994-05-23  US1994000247614
1992-06-04  US1992000894751

Abstract:     There is disclosed herein: (1) overlay systems which define a face, in frontal and lateral views, which are comprised of mathematically inter-related pentagons and parts of those pentagons and which establish a reference system to analyze human faces for surgical, cosmetic, and identification purposes; and (2) a method of applying the overlay systems to human faces or facial images to analyze the form and proportion of faces and components of those faces (e.g., eyes, nose, mouth, etc.) for surgical, cosmetic, and identification purposes.

Attorney, Agent or Firm: Lyon & Lyon LLP ;

Primary / Asst. Examiners: Boudreau, Leo; Bella, Matthew C.

INPADOC Legal Status: Show legal status actions          Buy Now: Family Legal Status Report

Related Applications: Go to Result Set: 1 patent(s) that list this one as related
Application Number Filed Patent Pub. Date  Title
US1992000894751 1992-06-04       

Parent Case:     This is a continuation of application Ser. No. 07/894,751, filed on Jun. 4, 1992, and which designated the U.S., now abandoned.

Family: Show 2 known family members

First Claim:
Show all 28 claims
I claim:     1. A method for recording and analyzing an image of a human face comprising
  • aligning the face relative to an image-recording device,
  • recording an image of the face,
  • comparing the major anthropometric points on the image of the face with an overlay system comprised of a plurality of line segments and points that form the features of an aesthetically ideal human face, the overlay system having been created by selecting portions from a plurality of regular pentagons and radials thereof to form the features of the aesthetically ideal human face.

Background / Summary: Show background / summary

Drawing Descriptions: Show drawing descriptions

Description: Show description

Forward References: Show 30 U.S. patent(s) that reference this one

U.S. References: Go to Result Set: All U.S. references   |  Forward references (30)   |   Backward references (3)   |   Citation Link

Patent  Pub.Date  Inventor Assignee   Title
Get PDF - 38pp US4729098  1988-03 Cline et al.  General Electric Company System and method employing nonlinear interpolation for the display of surface structures contained within the interior region of a solid body
Get PDF - 16pp US4975969  1990-12 Tal  Tal; Peter Method and apparatus for uniquely identifying individuals by particular physical characteristics and security system utilizing the same
Foreign References: None

Other Abstract Info: DERABS G1999-142313

Other References:
  • Morishima, Shigeo, "A Media Conversion from Speech to Facial Image for Intelligent Man-Machine Interface", IEEE, May 1991, vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 594-600. (7 pages) Cited by 2 patents [ISI abstract]
  • Choi, Chang, et al., "A System of Analyzing and Synthesizing Facial Images", IEEE, 1991, pp. 2665-2668.
  • Waters, Keith, et al., "A Physical Model of Facial Tissue and Muscle Articulation", IEEE, 1990, pp. 77-82.
  • Fukuhara, J. et al., "3-D Motion Estimation for Model-Based Image Coding", IEE, Apr. 7, 1992, pp. 69-72.
  • Wright, A.M., "Facial Proportions in Medical Illustrating", Anthropometric Facial Proportions in Medicine, 1987, Chapter 13, pp. (143-153).
  • Panofsky, Erwin, "The History of the Theory of Human Proportions as a Reflection of the History of Styles," Meaning in the Visual Arts, 1955, Chapter 2, pp. (55-107).
  • Parramon, Jose M., How to Draw Heads and Portraits, 1989, pp. 10-17.
  • Richter, Jean Paul, "On the Proportions and on the Movements of the Human Figure," The Notebooks of Leonardo Da Vinci, vol. I, Chapter 7, 1989, pp. PLIII-PLXVIII and 167-PLXXXVIII.
  • Strauss, Walter L., "Human Proportions," The Complete Drawings of Albrecht Durer, vol. 5, 1974, pp. 2411-2594.
  • Strauss, Walter L., The Human Figure by Albrecht Durer--The Complete Dresden Sketchbook, 1972, Chapter 16, pp. 218-241.
  • Cook, Theodore A., "Final Results," The Curves of Life, 1979, Chap. 20, pp. 407-432.
  • Goleman, D., & Bennett-Goleman, T., "Beauty's Hidden Equation," American Health, Mar. 1977, pp. 70-78.
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  • Coleman, Samuel & Coan, C. Arthur, "The Golden Series in Nature," Proportional Form--Further Studies in the Science of Beauty, Being Supplemental to Those Set Forth in Nature's Harmonic Unity, 1920, Chapter 6, pp. 173-193.
  • Ghyka, Matila, The Geometry of Art and Life, 1977, pp. 1-168.
  • Powell, Nelson & Humphreys, Brian, Proportions of the Aesthetic Face, 1984, p. 172.
  • Hatfield, Elaine and Sprecher, Susan, Mirror, Mirror . . . The Importance of Looks in Everyday Life, 1986, pp. 1-397.
  • Jacobson, A., "The Proportionate Template as a Diagnostic Aid," Amer. J. Orthodont., Feb. 1979, 75(2): 156-172. (17 pages) Cited by 2 patents
  • Levin, Edwin I, "Dental Esthetics and the Golden Proportion," Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, Sep. 1978, 40:244-252. (9 pages) Cited by 2 patents
  • Lombardi, Richard E., "The Principles of Visual Perception and Their Clinical Application to Denture Esthetics," The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, Apr. 1973, 29:No. 4.
  • Peck, H., and Peck, S., "A Concept of Facial Esthetics," Angle Orthodont., 1970, 40(4):284-317.
  • Ricketts, Robert M., "The Divine Proportion Applied to Orthodontic and Orthognathic Surgery," Syllabus--The American Institute of BioProgressive Education, p. 1-27.
  • Ricketts, Robert M., "The Golden Divider," J. Clinical Orthodont., Nov. 1981, 15(11).
  • Ricketts, Robert M, "The Biologic Signifigance of the Divine Proportion and Fibonacci Series," American Journal of Orthodontics, May 1982, vol. 81, No. 5.
  • Ricketts, Robert M., "Divine Proportion in Facial Esthetics," Clin. Plast. Surg., Oct. 1982, 9(4):401-422. (22 pages) Cited by 2 patents
  • Caltagirone, J., & Kostecki, J.L., "The Face in Greek and Roman Art," Plast. & Reconstruct. Surg., 1955, 15:165.
  • Farkas, L.G., & Hreczko, T.A., & Kolar, J.C. & Munro, I.R., "Vertical and Horizontal Proportions of the Face in Young Adult North American Caucasians--Revision of the Neoclassical Canons.," Plast. Reconstr. Surg., Mar. 1985, 75(3):328-337. (10 pages) Cited by 2 patents
  • Farkas, L.G., & Sohm, P., & Kolar, J.C., & Katic, J.J., & Munroe, I.R., "Inclinations of the Facial Profile: Art Versus Reality," Plast. and Reconstr. Surg., Apr. 1985, 75(4):509-519. (11 pages) Cited by 2 patents
  • Farkas, L.G., & Kolar, J.C., "Anthropometrics and Art in the Aesthetics of Women's Faces," Clinics in Plastic Surgery, Oct. 1987, 14(4):599-616. (18 pages) Cited by 2 patents
  • Kawakami, S. and Tsukada, S., "Golden Proportion for Maxillofacial Surgery in Orientals," Annals of Plastic Surgery, Nov. 1989, 23(5):417-425. (9 pages)
  • Seghers, M.J., & Longacre, J.J., & Destefano, G.A., "The Golden Proportion of Beauty," Plast. and Reconstr. Surg., 1964, 34:382.
  • Goleman, D., "Equation for Beauty Emerges in Studies," New York Times --Science Times, Tuesday, Aug. 5, 1986.
  • Walt Disney Home Video, "Donald in Mathmagic Land," Walt Disney Mini Classics, 1959.

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